|ABOUT THE DISTRICT :|
Baksa district was curved out of a part of Nalbari, Barpeta, Kamrup and small portion of Darrang district.
As a result of historic BTC(Bodoland Territorial Council) accord signed on February 10, 2003, formed BTAD(Bodoland Territorial Autonomous District)
with four districts namely Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa and Udalguri. Though the original word 'Baksa' is not above controversy, a good chunk of population
prefer to use 'Bagsa' in lieu of 'Baksa'. The popular assumption that 'Baksa' is the misspelt form of 'Bangsa'--a 'Dzonkha' word meaning a farm house
and a corridor as it is known that Bhutanese king and subjects used this area for trade and passage to the plains. 'Bangsa' (Bagsa or Baksa) was in fact
one of the most important 'Dooars' of Bhutan.
Another source says that the name "Bagsa" is originated from Bhutanese language. According to Bhutanese origin they denoted the area as "Bagsa Duar". "Bagsa" meaning one kind of rice and "Duar" meaning entrance point. As Bhutanese king ruled these areas for a long time in an around first half of the nineteenth century so it might be possible that the name "Bagsa" or "Baksa" had a Bhutanese origin.
According to Bodo source the name originated from a kind of rice grain which is known as "Bagsa". The said rice grain is one kind of broken and uncleaned product which is gained after milling the rice.
As the name Baksa is itself derived from various sources and antecedents so there exists lots of controversy over the name. But still today no concrete evidence has been found which might determine the final source. Only popular sources and folklores are evident but no historical source has been found. So serious research has also been done in this respect.
Now the name Baksa is officially taken and used.
|GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT BAKSA DISTRICT :|
|TOPOGRAPHY AND GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION :|
Baksa district is located in North-Western part of Assam with the district headquarter at Mushalpur which is
105 Km away from State Capital Guwahati and 20 Km away from National Highway No. 31 towards North. The district headquarter
is linked to the National Highway 31 mainly at two junction point namely Barama and Kadamtola which is about 14 and 18 Km
away from Nalbari district HQ towards West via NH 31. The main mode of connectivity to the district is through Road.
The district shares the privilege of being the International Boundary with Bhutan in the North with a mixed topography
of plains and foot hills. The gentle and gradual slopes can be seen stretching from the foot hill of Bhutan and reaching
out to the southern tips of Barpeta, Nalbari and Kamrup district. The East and Western boundaries of the district repectively
shares with the neighbouring district of Odalguri (Earlier Udalguri) or Chirang.
The vegetaion of the district is characterized mainly by lush green forest and varieties of flora and fauna. Manas National Park stands out as the glaring example of this bio-diversified feature of the district.
The climate of the district is sub-tropical in nature with warm and humid summer and also followed by cool and dry winter. The average rainfall of the district is found to be 76 mm in the recent years.
|The Baksa district is inhabited by mainly Bodo-Kachari, Assamese, Sarania-Kachari, Koch-Rajbonshi, Adibashi(Tea Tribe), Nepali, Bengali and religious minorities.|
|ART AND CULTURE:|
Introduction: As the district is predominantly inhabited by the Bodo people so the influence of Bodo art
and culture is seen much in the district. Along with it, the culture of other caste and tribes can also be seen in the district.
Dress: Generally, two cultural trends can be seen in Baksa district. One is general and other is that of tribal people. While the General women wear Mekhela Sador and Saris, the tribal people especially Bodo women wear Dokhona. All the male people irrespective of caste and creed wear Long-pant while at outdoors and Gamocha when in home.
Dance: Different kinds of dances are prevalent in Baksa district. As there is different kinds of tribes living in the district, their dance is also different. While Assamese speaking people's favourite dance is Bihu, Bodos and other tribes have divergent types of dances. Varied Bodo dances are- Bagurumba, Kherai, Mwchaglangnai, Daosa-Thwi- Lwngnai, Rwnswndri etc. Adivasi dances are- Jhumoor dance, Karam dance, Domkaich dance etc.. Nepali dances are- Sangini dance, Loknritya, Khukri dance etc.
Festivals: Almost all kinds of festivals are celebrated in the district. International, National and Local- every festival is celebrated with plumb and gaiety. International festivals like Christmas, 31st Dec Night and New Years day is very popular with Christian masses in particular and non-Christian in general. National festivals like Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Diwali, Ganesh Puja, Rash Yatra, Saraswati Puja etc. are also celebrated with equal spirit and fervour. Local festivals like- Bihu, Bwisagu, Magh Bihu, Magw, Bathou Puja etc. are also observed with plumb and gaiety.